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[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:57:05 EST from rss

Subject: John Wayne wins Best Actor Oscar

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On this day in 1970, the legendary actor John Wayne wins his first–and only–acting Academy Award, for his star turn in the director Henry Hathaway’s Western True Grit. Wayne appeared in some 150 movies over the course of his long and storied career. He established his tough, rugged, uniquely ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:44:50 EST from rss

Subject: Separate ferry accidents in Myanmar and Scandinavia kill 325 people

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In a tragic coincidence, two separate ferry accidents in different areas of the world take the lives of a reported 325 people on this day in 1990. The first took place in Myanmar (formerly Burma) on the Gyaing River. Later in the day, Scandinavia was also rocked by tragedy. A double-decker ferry ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:29:48 EST from rss

Subject: The Rwandan genocide

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On this day in 1994, violence fuels the launch of what would become the worst episode of genocide since World War II: the massacre of an estimated 500,000 to 1 million innocent civilian Tutsis and moderate Hutus. Following the first wave of massacres, Rwandan forces manage to discourage ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:10:43 EST from rss

Subject: Battle of Shiloh concludes

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Two days of heavy fighting conclude near Pittsburgh Landing in western Tennessee. The Battle of Shiloh became a Union victory after the Confederate attack stalled on April 6, and fresh Yankee troops drove the Confederates from the field on April 7. Shiloh began when Union General Ulysses S. Grant ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:00:49 EST from rss

Subject: President Eisenhower delivers Cold War

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President Dwight D. Eisenhower coins one of the most famous Cold War phrases when he suggests the fall of French Indochina to the communists could create a “domino” effect in Southeast Asia. The so-called “domino theory” dominated U.S. thinking about Vietnam for the next decade. By early 1954, it ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:44:10 EST from rss

Subject: Auto pioneer Henry Ford dies

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On this day in 1947, Henry Ford, the founder of Ford Motor Company, which developed the first affordable, mass-produced car–the Model T–and also helped pioneer assembly-line manufacturing, dies at his estate in Dearborn, Michigan, at the age of 83. Ford was born July 30, 1863, on a farm located in ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:30:28 EST from rss

Subject: U.S. Navy captures first British warship

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On this day in 1776, Navy Captain John Barry, commander of the American warship Lexington, makes the first American naval capture of a British vessel when he takes command of the British warship HMS Edward off the coast of Virginia. The capture of the Edward and its cargo turned Captain Barry into ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:35:48 EST from rss

Subject: Winston Churchill urges British War Cabinet to persuade Russia to reenter WWI

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One month after Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, formally ending its participation in World War I, Winston Churchill secretly proposes to the British War Cabinet a method by which Britain’s former ally could be persuaded to reenter the war. Russia’s withdrawal from the war was a direct ...

[#] Fri Dec 13 2013 04:16:15 EST from rss

Subject: Margaret Thatcher, Britain

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On this day in 2013, Margaret Thatcher, the first female prime minister of the United Kingdom, dies in London at age 87 from a stroke. Serving from 1979 to 1990, Thatcher was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century. She curbed the power of Britain’s labor unions, privatized ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:30:32 EST from rss

Subject: Works Progress Administration established by Congress as part of FDR

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On April 8, 1935, Congress votes to approve the Works Progress Administration (WPA), a central part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “New Deal.” In November 1932, at the height of the Great Depression, Governor Roosevelt of New York was elected the 32nd president of the United States. In his ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:28:33 EST from rss

Subject: Jomo Kenyatta jailed for Mau Mau uprising in Kenya

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Jomo Kenyatta, leader of the Kenyan independence movement, is convicted by Kenya’s British rulers of leading the extremist Mau Mau in their violence against white settlers and the colonial government. An advocate of nonviolence and conservatism, he pleaded innocent in the highly politicized trial. ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:25:06 EST from rss

Subject: Buddhists celebrate birth of Gautama Buddha

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On this day, Buddhists celebrate the commemoration of the birth of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, thought to have lived in India from 563 B.C. to 483 B.C. Actually, the Buddhist tradition that celebrates his birthday on April 8 originally placed his birth in the 11th century B.C., and it ...

[#] Tue Nov 24 2009 13:02:53 EST from rss

Subject: Hank Aaron breaks Babe Ruth

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On this day in 1974, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hits his 715th career home run, breaking Babe Ruth’s legendary record of 714 homers. A crowd of 53,775 people, the largest in the history of Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium, was with Aaron that night to cheer when he hit a 4th inning pitch off the ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 07:40:14 EST from rss

Subject: Russians attack Germans in drive to expel them from Crimea

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On this day in 1944, Russian forces led by Marshal Fedor Tolbukhin attack the German army in an attempt to win back Crimea, in the southern Ukraine, occupied by the Axis power. The attack would result in the breaking of German defensive lines in just four days, eventually sending the Germans ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:59:14 EST from rss

Subject: U.S. Army Chief of Staff reports that South Vietnamese forces are on verge of collapse

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After a weeklong mission to South Vietnam, Gen. Frederick Weyand, U.S. Army Chief of Staff and former Vietnam commander, reports to Congress that South Vietnam cannot survive without additional military aid. Questioned again later by reporters who asked if South Vietnam could survive with ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:56:33 EST from rss

Subject: North Vietnamese forces open a third front

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North Vietnamese 2nd Division troops drive out of Laos and Cambodia to open a third front of their offensive in the Central Highlands, attacking at Kontum and Pleiku in attempt to cut South Vietnam in two. If successful, this would give North Vietnam control of the northern half of South Vietnam. ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:31:23 EST from rss

Subject: FDR signs Emergency Relief Appropriation Act

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President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorizes almost $5 million to implement work-relief programs on this day in 1935. Hoping to lift the country out of the crippling Great Depression, Congress allowed the president to use the funds at his discretion. The act was unprecedented and remains the largest ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:16:45 EST from rss

Subject: Elizabeth Bacon Custer is born in Michigan

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Elizabeth Bacon Custer, a significant chronicler of the West and the wife of George Custer, is born in Monroe, Michigan. Elizabeth Custer is best known today for her decades-long effort to celebrate her husband’s life and exonerate him for the massacre of the Seventh Cavalry at Little Bighorn in ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:10:01 EST from rss

Subject: Grunge icon Kurt Cobain is found dead three days after his suicide

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On April 8, 1994, rock star Kurt Cobain was found dead in his home in Seattle, Washington, with fresh injection marks in both arms and a fatal wound to the head from the 20-gauge shotgun found between his knees. Cobain’s suicide brought an end to a life marked by far more suffering than is ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:08:39 EST from rss

Subject: American writer Barbara Kingsolver is born

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American writer Barbara Kingsolver was born on this day near Annapolis, Maryland. Kingsolver grew up in rural Kentucky. After high school, she left Kentucky to attend DePauw University in Indiana. After graduating in 1977, Kingsolver worked in Europe, then returned to the U.S., where she worked as ...

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