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[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:28:44 EST from rss

Subject: U.S. space probe, Mariner, visits Mercury

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The unmanned U.S. space probe Mariner 10, launched by NASA in November 1973, becomes the first spacecraft to visit the planet Mercury, sending back close-up images of a celestial body usually obscured because of its proximity to the sun. Mariner 10 had visited the planet Venus eight weeks before ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:25:04 EST from rss

Subject: British defeat 20,000 Zulus at Kambula

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At Kambula, in northwest Zululand, a force of 2,000 British and Colonial troops under the command of British Colonel Henry Evelyn Wood defeats 20,000 Zulus under King Cetshwayo, turning the tide in the favor of the British in the Zulu War. In 1843, Britain succeeded the Boers as the rulers of ...

[#] Tue Nov 24 2009 13:05:05 EST from rss

Subject: U.S. withdraws from Vietnam

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Two months after the signing of the Vietnam peace agreement, the last U.S. combat troops leave South Vietnam as Hanoi frees the remaining American prisoners of war held in North Vietnam. America’s direct eight-year intervention in the Vietnam War was at an end. In Saigon, some 7,000 U.S. Department ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:55:29 EST from rss

Subject: Last U.S. troops depart South Vietnam

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Under the provisions of the Paris Peace Accords signed on January 27, 1973, the last U.S. troops depart South Vietnam, ending nearly 10 years of U.S. military presence in that country. The U.S. Military Assistance Command Vietnam headquarters was disestablished. Only a Defense Attache Office and a ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:53:47 EST from rss

Subject: Calley found guilty of My Lai murders

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Lt. William L. Calley is found guilty of premeditated murder at My Lai by a U.S. Army court-martial at Fort Benning, Georgia. Calley, a platoon leader, had led his men in a massacre of Vietnamese civilians, including women and children, at My Lai 4, a cluster of hamlets in Quang Ngai Province on ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:39:09 EST from rss

Subject: Tar Heels win NCAA basketball championship

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On March 29, 1982, the University of North Carolina (UNC) Tar Heels win the NCAA men’s basketball championship with a 63-62 defeat of the Georgetown University Hoyas. It was the first title for Carolina coach Dean Smith, who would retire in 1997 as the most successful coach in NCAA Division I men’s ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:32:17 EST from rss

Subject: President John Tyler is born

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On this day in 1790, future President John Tyler is born in Charles City County, Virginia. Tyler was the last president to hail from the colonial Virginia planter class that also produced George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and James Monroe. Through influential family ties, Tyler ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:31:54 EST from rss

Subject: Herbert Hoover has telephone installed in Oval Office

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On this day in 1929, President Herbert Hoover has a phone installed at his desk in the Oval Office of the White House. It took a while to get the line to Hoover’s desk working correctly and the president complained to aides when his son was unable to get through on the Oval Office phone from an ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:16:34 EST from rss

Subject: Congress authorizes survey of Cumberland Road

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Congress authorizes surveying to begin for the construction of the Cumberland Road, which sped the way for thousands of Americans heading west. Four years earlier, Congress had recognized the importance of building a network of national roads to facilitate western immigration. The 1803 act that ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:19:37 EST from rss

Subject: Writer Mary Wollstonecraft marries William Godwin

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Social critic Mary Wollstonecraft, one of the earliest and most eloquent proponents of women’s rights, marries William Godwin, the most famous radical reformer of his time. Wollstonecraft, who had been raised by a tyrannical, abusive, and alcoholic father, was philosophically opposed to marriage, ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:10:58 EST from rss

Subject: Tom Jones is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

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Tom Jones can apparently count among his many fans one Elizabeth Windsor of London, England—known professionally as Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen. A 38-year-old mother of four when ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:57:25 EST from rss

Subject: Miramax chiefs part ways with Disney

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On this day in 2005, after a yearlong negotiation process, the Walt Disney Company ends its productive but sometimes contentious relationship with Harvey and Bob Weinstein, the founders of Miramax Films. Sons of a New York City diamond cutter, Harvey and Bob Weinstein founded their own company in ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:42:41 EST from rss

Subject: Earthquake and volcano do double damage in Mexico

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The combination of an earthquake and a volcanic eruption at El Chichon in southern Mexico converts a hill into a crater, kills thousands of people and destroys acres of farmland on this day in 1982. The eruptions, which continued for over a week, caught many of the area residents unaware and ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:29:42 EST from rss

Subject: The "Mad Bomber" strikes in New York

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On this day in 1951, a homemade device explodes at Grand Central Station in New York City, startling commuters but injuring no one. In the next few months, five more bombs were found at landmark sites around New York, including the public library. Authorities realized that this new wave of ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:01:57 EST from rss

Subject: Rosenbergs convicted of espionage

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In one of the most sensational trials in American history, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of espionage for their role in passing atomic secrets to the Soviets during and after World War II. The husband and wife were later sentenced to death and were executed in 1953. The conviction of the ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:46:25 EST from rss

Subject: White House ousts GM chief

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On March 29, 2009, Rick Wagoner, the chairman and chief executive of troubled auto giant General Motors (GM), resigns at the request of the Obama administration. During Wagoner’s more than 8 years in the top job at GM, the company lost billions of dollars and in 2008 was surpassed by Japan-based ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:45:09 EST from rss

Subject: Appomattox, the final campaign in the Civil War, begins

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On this day in 1865, the final campaign of the Civil War begins in Virginia when Union troops under General Ulysses S. Grant move against the Confederate trenches around Petersburg. General Robert E. Lee’s outnumbered Rebels were soon forced to evacuate the city and begin a desperate race west. ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:30:06 EST from rss

Subject: Putnam named commander of New York troops

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On this day in 1776, General George Washington appoints Major General Israel Putnam commander of the troops in New York. In his new capacity, Putnam was expected to execute plans for the defense of New York City and its waterways. A veteran military man, Putnam had served as a lieutenant in the ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:35:26 EST from rss

Subject: Swedish prime minister resigns over WWI policy

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Prime Minister Hjalmar Hammarskjold of Sweden, father of the famous future United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, resigns on this day in 1917 after his policy of strict neutrality in World War I—including continued trading with Germany, in violation of the Allied blockade—leads to ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:34:49 EST from rss

Subject: Patton takes Frankfurt

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On this day, Gen. George S. Patton’s 3rd Army captures Frankfurt, as “Old Blood and Guts” continues his march east. Frankfurt am Main, literally “On the Main” River, in western Germany, was the mid-19th century capital of Germany (it was annexed by Prussia in 1866, ending its status as a free ...

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