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[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:01:15 EST from rss

Subject: Kennedy establishes Peace Corps

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Newly elected President John F. Kennedy issues an executive order establishing the Peace Corps. It proved to be one of the most innovative and highly publicized Cold War programs set up by the United States. During the course of his campaign for the presidency in 1960, Kennedy floated the idea that ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:46:29 EST from rss

Subject: Grant nominated for lieutenant general

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On this day in 1864, President Abraham Lincoln nominates Ulysses S. Grant for the newly revived rank of lieutenant general. At the time, George Washington was the only other man to have held that rank. Winfield Scott also attained the title but by brevet only; he did not actually command with it. ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:28:06 EST from rss

Subject: The Articles of Confederation are ratified after nearly four years

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On this day in 1781, the Articles of Confederation are finally ratified. The Articles were signed by Congress and sent to the individual states for ratification on November 15, 1777, after 16 months of debate. Bickering over land claims between Virginia and Maryland delayed final ratification for ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:35:53 EST from rss

Subject: Zimmermann Telegram published in United States

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On this day in 1917, the text of the so-called Zimmermann Telegram, a message from the German foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmermann, to the German ambassador to Mexico proposing a Mexican-German alliance in the case of war between the United States and Germany, is published on the front pages of ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:28:20 EST from rss

Subject: Bulgaria joins the Axis

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On this day, the southeastern European nation of Bulgaria joins the Axis powers by signing the Tripartite Pact. When the Second World War broke out, Bulgaria declared its neutrality. But Bulgaria’s King Boris was eager to expand his country’s borders, and Germany had already coerced Romania to ...

[#] Wed Jul 21 2010 11:14:15 EDT from rss

Subject: Texas declares independence

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During the Texas Revolution, a convention of American Texans meets at Washington-on-the-Brazos and declares the independence of Texas from Mexico. The delegates chose David Burnet as provisional president and confirmed Sam Houston as the commander in chief of all Texan forces. The Texans also ...

[#] Wed Feb 24 2010 09:20:51 EST from rss

Subject: Sheena Easton sets a Billboard chart record when

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The controversial Prince-penned song "Sugar Walls" reaches #9 on the Billboard charts. To be fair, this same feat might have been achieved by Elvis Presley had the Dance chart existed during his heyday. But that is not to take anything away from Easton, who in her journey from the sweet and ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:29:13 EST from rss

Subject: Pioneer 10 launched to Jupiter

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Pioneer 10, the world’s first outer-planetary probe, is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a mission to Jupiter, the solar system’s largest planet. In December 1973, after successfully negotiating the asteroid belt and a distance of 620 million miles, Pioneer 10 reached Jupiter and sent back ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:25:32 EST from rss

Subject: Congress abolishes the African slave trade

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The U.S. Congress passes an act to “prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States…from any foreign kingdom, place, or country.” The first shipload of African captives to North America arrived at Jamestown, Virginia, in August 1619, but for ...

[#] Tue Nov 24 2009 13:03:24 EST from rss

Subject: Dr. Seuss born

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On this day in 1904, Theodor Geisel, better known to the world as Dr. Seuss, the author and illustrator of such beloved children’s books as “The Cat in the Hat” and “Green Eggs and Ham,” is born in Springfield, Massachusetts. Geisel, who used his middle name (which was also his mother’s maiden ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 07:40:29 EST from rss

Subject: The Battle of the Bismarck Sea

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On this day, U.S. and Australian land-based planes begin an offensive against a convoy of Japanese ships in the Bismarck Sea, in the western Pacific. On March 1, U.S. reconnaissance planes spotted 16 Japanese ships en route to Lae and Salamaua in New Guinea. The Japanese were attempting to keep ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 06:17:27 EST from rss

Subject: Puerto Ricans become U.S. citizens, are recruited for war effort

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Barely a month before the United States enters World War I, President Woodrow Wilson signs the Jones-Shafroth Act, granting U.S. citizenship to the inhabitants of Puerto Rico. Located about 1,000 miles southeast of Florida—and less than half that distance from the coast of South America—Puerto ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:55:17 EST from rss

Subject: Kennedy proposes plan to end the war

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Senator Robert Kennedy (D-New York) proposes a three-point plan to help end the war. The plan included suspension of the U.S. bombing of North Vietnam and the gradual withdrawal of U.S. and North Vietnamese troops from South Vietnam with replacement by an international force. Secretary of State ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:54:28 EST from rss

Subject: First Rolling Thunder raid conducted

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Operation Rolling Thunder begins with more than 100 United States Air Force jet bombers striking an ammunition depot at Xom Bang, 10 miles inside North Vietnam. Simultaneously, 60 South Vietnamese Air Force propeller planes bombed the Quang Khe naval base, 65 miles north of the 17th parallel. Six ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:39:27 EST from rss

Subject: Wilt Chamberlain scores 100 points

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On March 2, 1962, Philadelphia Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 100 points against the New York Knicks. It was the first time that a professional basketball player had scored 100 points in a single contest; the previous record, 78, had been set by Chamberlain earlier in the season. During ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:30:54 EST from rss

Subject: Bush honors the Boston Red Sox

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On this day in 2005, at a White House ceremony, President George W. Bush congratulates the 2005 World Champion Boston Red Sox baseball team for winning their first World Series since 1918. Massachusetts Senators Edward Kennedy and John Kerry, and former Red Sox players were among those on hand for ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:17:55 EST from rss

Subject: Sam Houston born

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Samuel Houston, the first president of the independent Republic of Texas, is born in Rockbridge County, Virginia. When Houston was 14, his father died and his mother moved her nine children to the frontier village of Maryville, Tennessee. After working for a time in the Maryville general store, ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:09:37 EST from rss

Subject: John Irving is born

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American writer John Irving is born in Exeter, New Hampshire. Irving never met his real father and was raised by his mother and her second husband, who taught Russian history at Phillips Exeter Academy, which Irving attended. Having decided during his teens that he wanted to become a writer, Irving ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:56:42 EST from rss

Subject: Grave robbers steal Charlie Chaplin

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In one of history’s most famous cases of body-snatching, two men steal the corpse of the revered film actor Sir Charles Chaplin from a cemetery in the Swiss village of Corsier-sur-Vevey, located in the hills above Lake Geneva, near Lausanne, Switzerland, on this day in 1978. A comic actor who was ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:44:42 EST from rss

Subject: Train passengers suffocate

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On this day in 1944, a train stops in a tunnel near Salerno, Italy, and more than 500 people on board suffocate and die. Occurring in the midst of World War II, the details of this incident were not revealed at the time and remain somewhat murky. Train Number 8017 left Salerno heading for the ...

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