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[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:32:47 EST from rss

Subject: Nixon suspends military action in North Vietnam

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President Richard M. Nixon suspends military action in North Vietnam on this day in 1973, giving peace talks between his secretary of state, Henry Kissinger, and North Vietnamese leader Le Duc Tho a chance to succeed. When Nixon inherited the war from President Lyndon Johnson with his election to ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:18:21 EST from rss

Subject: The utopian Amana colony embraces capitalism

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After nearly a century of cooperative living, the utopian Amana colonists of Iowa begin using U.S. currency for the first time. The wide-open spaces of the West have always appealed to visionary reformers attempting to start new societies. Among others, the Mormons in Utah, the Hutterites in South ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:10:38 EST from rss

Subject: The Hunchback of Notre Dame is finished

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On this day in 1831, Victor Hugo finishes writing Notre Dame de Paris, also known as The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Distracted by other projects, Hugo had continually postponed his deadlines for delivering the book to his publishers, but once he sat down to write it, he completed the novel in only ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:57:14 EST from rss

Subject: Last episode of soap opera Santa Barbara airs

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“The worst program on television–maybe ever…” one reviewer dubbed NBC’s daytime soap opera Santa Barbara upon its debut in July 1984. Critics soon changed their tune about the show, however, and it would run for more than eight years, garnering numerous Daytime Emmy Awards, including the statuette ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:43:50 EST from rss

Subject: Molasses floods Boston streets

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Fiery hot molasses floods the streets of Boston on this day in 1919, killing 21 people and injuring scores of others. The molasses burst from a huge tank at the United States Industrial Alcohol Company building in the heart of the city. The United States Industrial Alcohol building was located on ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:28:35 EST from rss

Subject: Hill Street Blues begins run

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On this day in 1981, Hill Street Blues, television’s landmark cops-and-robbers drama, debuts on NBC. When the series first appeared, the police show had largely been given up for dead. Critics savaged stodgy and moralistic melodramas,and scoffed at lighter fare like Starsky and Hutch. Created by ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:00:45 EST from rss

Subject: Dulles calls for

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Testifying before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee prior to taking office as the new secretary of state, John Foster Dulles argues that U.S. foreign policy must strive for the “liberation of captive peoples” living under communist rule. Though Dulles called for a more vigorous anticommunist ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:44:59 EST from rss

Subject: Ford Foundation is born

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On January 15, 1936, Edsel Ford, the son of auto industry pioneer Henry Ford, forms a philanthropic organization called the Ford Foundation with a donation of $25,000. The foundation, which was established in part as a legal way for the Ford family to avoid the hefty inheritance taxes that ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:35:13 EST from rss

Subject: The

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On this day, Ilse Koch, wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in West Germany. Ilse Koch was nicknamed the “Witch of Buchenwald” for her extraordinary sadism. Born in Dresden, Germany, Ilse, a librarian, married SS. Col. Karl Koch ...

[#] Thu Oct 22 2009 10:56:12 EDT from rss

Subject: Fort Fisher falls

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On this day in 1865, Fort Fisher in North Carolina falls to Union forces, and Wilmington, North Carolina, the Confederacy’s most important blockade-running port, is closed. When President Abraham Lincoln declared a blockade of Southern ports in 1861, Rebel engineers began construction on a fortress ...

[#] Fri Mar 29 2013 13:01:15 EDT from rss

Subject: Pauline Phillips, the original Dear Abby, dies at 94

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On this day in 2013, Pauline Phillips, who for more than 40 years wrote the “Dear Abby” newspaper advice column, dies at age 94 in Minneapolis after battling Alzheimer’s disease. Using the pen name Abigail Van Buren, Phillips made her “Dear Abby” debut in 1956, and over the ensuing decades ...

[#] Wed Jul 21 2010 11:22:43 EDT from rss

Subject: Shah flees Iran

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Faced with an army mutiny and violent demonstrations against his rule, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the leader of Iran since 1941, is forced to flee the country. Fourteen days later, the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the spiritual leader of the Islamic revolution, returned after 15 years of exile and ...

[#] Tue Mar 02 2010 10:35:11 EST from rss

Subject: The Persian Gulf War begins

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At midnight in Iraq, the United Nations deadline for the Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait expires, and the Pentagon prepares to commence offensive operations to forcibly eject Iraq from its five-month occupation of its oil-rich neighbor. At 4:30 p.m. EST, the first fighter aircraft were launched from ...

[#] Tue Nov 24 2009 13:04:36 EST from rss

Subject: Prohibition takes effect

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The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the “manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes,” is ratified on this day in 1919 and becomes the law of the land. The movement for the prohibition of alcohol began in the early 19th century, when ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 06:17:12 EST from rss

Subject: Montenegro capitulates to Austro-Hungarian forces

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After an eight-day offensive that marked the beginning of a new, aggressive strategy in the region, Austro-Hungarian troops under commander in chief Franz Conrad von Hotzendorf take control of the Balkan state of Montenegro. By the end of 1915, after initial setbacks, the Central Powers had ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:55:04 EST from rss

Subject: Johnson approves Oplan 34A

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President Johnson approves Oplan 34A, operations to be conducted by South Vietnamese forces supported by the United States to gather intelligence and conduct sabotage to destabilize the North Vietnamese regime. Actual operations began in February and involved raids by South Vietnamese commandos ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:53:19 EST from rss

Subject: Agreement to open peace talks reached

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An agreement is reached in Paris for the opening of expanded peace talks. It was agreed that representatives of the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the National Liberation Front would sit at a circular table without nameplates, flags or markings. The talks had been plagued from ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:37:11 EST from rss

Subject: Curt Flood files historic lawsuit against Major League Baseball

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On January 16, 1970, the seven-time Golden Glove-winning center fielder Curt Flood of the St. Louis Cardinals files suit in a New York federal court against Commissioner Bowie Kuhn, the presidents of the American and National Leagues and all 24 teams in the Major League Baseball (MLB) organization. ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:30:56 EST from rss

Subject: Bush waits for deadline in Iraq

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On this day in 1991, President George Herbert Walker Bush waits to see if Iraq will withdraw from Kuwait by midnight, a deadline mandated by the United Nations, or if war will ensue. Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein and hard-line Iraqi nationalists did believe Kuwait should be part of Iraq, but ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:16:55 EST from rss

Subject: Fremont appointed Governor of California

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A leader in the successful fight to wrest California away from Mexico, the explorer and mapmaker John C. Fremont briefly becomes governor of the newly won American territory. Still only in his early mid-30s at the time, Fremont had already won national acclaim for his leadership of two important ...

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