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[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:56:54 EST from rss

Subject: Operation Sam Houston begins

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Operation Sam Houston begins as a continuation of border surveillance operations in Pleiku and Kontum Provinces in the Central Highlands by units from the U.S. 4th and 25th Infantry Divisions. The purpose of the operation was to interdict the movement of North Vietnamese troops and equipment into ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:53:14 EST from rss

Subject: 1st Marine Division advance elements arrive

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On this day, advance elements of the 1st Regiment of the Marine 1st Division arrive in Vietnam. The entire division followed by the end of March. The division established its headquarters at Chu Lai and was given responsibility for the two southernmost provinces of I Corps (the military region ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:32:31 EST from rss

Subject: Lincoln signs Emancipation Proclamation

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On this day in 1863, Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation. Attempting to stitch together a nation mired in a bloody civil war, Abraham Lincoln made a last-ditch, but carefully calculated, decision regarding the institution of slavery in America. By the end of 1862, things were not ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:16:00 EST from rss

Subject: A Nebraska farmer files the first homestead claim

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A farmer named Daniel Freeman submits the first claim under the new Homestead Act for a property near Beatrice, Nebraska. Signed into law in 1862 by President Abraham Lincoln, the Homestead Act essentially legalized the long-standing American practice of squatting on the vast federal landholdings ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 04:43:09 EST from rss

Subject: Inmate Merle Haggard hears Johnny Cash play San Quentin State Prison

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“Folsom Prison Blues” gave Johnny Cash his first top-10 country hit in 1956, and his live concert performance at Folsom—dramatized memorably in the film Walk The Line—gave his flagging career a critical jump-start in 1968. But the prison with which Johnny Cash was most closely associated wasn’t ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:08:58 EST from rss

Subject: E.M. Forster is born

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British writer E.M. Forster is born on this day in London. Forster’s architect father died when he was two, and Forster was raised by his mother and a great-aunt in an old house called Rooksnest, which later became the model for the country estate portrayed in Howard’s End. Forster was teased and ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:57:55 EST from rss

Subject: Sneak preview of The Birth of a Nation

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On this day in 1915, audiences file into the Loring Opera House at 3745 7th Street in Riverside, California, for a special sneak preview of D.W. Griffith’s first full-length feature film, The Clansman. Later renamed The Birth of a Nation, the controversial Civil War epic would become Hollywood’s ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:42:07 EST from rss

Subject: Air India jet crashes just after takeoff

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An Air India Boeing 747 jet crashes into the sea just after takeoff from a Bombay airport on this day in 1978, killing all 213 people on board. The crash was apparently the result of pilot error and equipment malfunction. Air India Flight 855 left Santacruz Airport (now called Chatrapati Airport) ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:29:58 EST from rss

Subject: The real-life murder behind Looking For Mr. Goodbar

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Roseann Quinn, a 27-year-old New Yorker, visits Tweed’s Bar on the Upper West Side and is picked up by her soon-to-be killer. The incident inspires the cautionary novel and subsequent movie Looking For Mr. Goodbar. For many, Quinn’s murder represented the dark side of the sexual revolution. At ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:00:40 EST from rss

Subject: Cuban dictator Batista falls from power

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In the face of a popular revolution spearheaded by Fidel Castro’s 26th of July Movement, Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista flees the island nation. As celebration and chaos intermingled in the Cuban capitol of Havana, U.S. policymakers debated how best to deal with the radical Castro and the ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:47:48 EST from rss

Subject: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect

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On this day in 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signs the final Emancipation Proclamation, which ends slavery in the rebelling states. A preliminary proclamation was issued in September 1862, following the Union victory at the Battle of Antietam in Maryland. The act signaled an important shift in ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:44:43 EST from rss

Subject: Edsel Ford succeeds father as president of Ford

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On this day in 1919, Edsel Ford, the son of Model T inventor and auto industry pioneer Henry Ford, succeeds his father as president of the Ford Motor Company. The younger Ford ascended to the top spot after his father resigned the position in December 1918, following a disagreement with ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:29:42 EST from rss

Subject: Mutiny of the Pennsylvania Line

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On this day in 1781, 1,500 soldiers from the Pennsylvania Line–all 11 regiments under General Anthony Wayne’s command–insist that their three-year enlistments are expired, kill three officers in a drunken rage and abandon the Continental Army’s winter camp at Morristown, New Jersey. British ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:35:22 EST from rss

Subject: United Nations created

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On this day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue a declaration, signed by representatives of 26 countries, called the “United Nations.” The signatories of the declaration vowed to create an international postwar peacekeeping organization. On December ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:34:18 EST from rss

Subject: Hidden Japanese surrender after Pacific War has ended

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An American soldier accepts the surrender of about 20 Japanese soldiers who only discovered that the war was over by reading it in the newspaper. On the island of Corregidor, located at the mouth of Manila Bay, a lone soldier on detail for the American Graves Registration was busy recording the ...

[#] Wed Oct 28 2009 12:25:46 EDT from rss

Subject: British ship Formidable is torpedoed

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In the early-morning hours of New Year’s Day, 1915, the 15,000-ton British HMS class battleship Formidable is torpedoed by the German submarine U-24 and sinks in the English Channel, killing 547 men. The Formidable was part of the 5th Battle Squadron unit serving with the Channel Fleet. The ...

[#] Thu Oct 22 2009 11:33:58 EDT from rss

Subject: Batista forced out by Castro-led revolution

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On this day in 1959, facing a popular revolution spearheaded by Fidel Castro’s 26th of July Movement, Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista flees the island nation. Amid celebration and chaos in the Cuban capitol of Havana, the U.S. debated how best to deal with the radical Castro and the ominous ...

[#] Wed Jul 21 2010 11:49:27 EDT from rss

Subject: Georgia enters the Union

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Georgia votes to ratify the U.S. Constitution, becoming the fourth state in the modern United States. Named after King George II, Georgia was first settled by Europeans in 1733, when a group of British debtors led by English philanthropist James E. Oglethorpe traveled up the Savannah River and ...

[#] Wed Jul 21 2010 11:48:49 EDT from rss

Subject: First censuring of a U.S. senator

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Senator Timothy Pickering, a Federalist from Massachusetts, becomes the first senator to be censured when the Senate approves a censure motion against him by a vote of 20 to seven. Pickering was accused of violating congressional law by publicly revealing secret documents communicated by the ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:30:09 EST from rss

Subject: Russian fleet surrenders at Port Arthur

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During the Russo-Japanese War, Port Arthur, the Russian naval base in China, falls to Japanese naval forces under Admiral Heihachiro Togo. It was the first in a series of defeats that by June turned the tide of the imperial conflict irrevocably against Russia. In February 1904, following a Russian ...

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