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[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:46:32 EST from rss

Subject: Henry Wirz hanged

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On this day in 1865, Henry Wirz, a Swiss immigrant and the commander of Andersonville prison in Georgia, is hanged for the murder of soldiers incarcerated there during the Civil War. Wirz was born in Switzerland in 1823 andmoved to the United States in 1849. He lived in the South, primarily in ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:45:42 EST from rss

Subject: Mary Anderson patents windshield wiper

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On this day, the patent office awards U.S. Patent No. 743,801 to a Birmingham, Alabama woman named Mary Anderson for her “window cleaning device for electric cars and other vehicles to remove snow, ice or sleet from the window.” When she received her patent, Anderson tried to sell it to a Canadian ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:28:16 EST from rss

Subject: Birth of the U.S. Marine Corps

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During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress passes a resolution stating that “two Battalions of Marines be raised” for service as landing forces for the recently formed Continental Navy. The resolution, drafted by future U.S. president John Adams and adopted in Philadelphia, created ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:34:13 EST from rss

Subject: Germans take Vichy France

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On this day in 1942, German troops occupy Vichy France, which had previously been free of an Axis military presence. Since July 1940, upon being invaded and defeated by Nazi German forces, the autonomous French state had been split into two regions. One was occupied by German troops, and the other ...

[#] Thu Apr 01 2010 06:38:26 EDT from rss

Subject: Donna Summer earns her first #1 pop hit with

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On this day in 1978, Donna Summer’s “MacArthur Park” reaches the top of the Billboard Hot 100, giving the Queen of Disco her first #1 pop hit. “MacArthur Park” was written in 1968 by Jimmy Webb, the hugely successful songwriter behind such familiar songs as “By The Time I Get To Phoenix,” “Wichita ...

[#] Wed Mar 10 2010 09:27:43 EST from rss

Subject: World War I ends

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At the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, the Great War ends. At 5 a.m. that morning, Germany, bereft of manpower and supplies and faced with imminent invasion, signed an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside Compiégne, France. The First World War left nine ...

[#] Thu Mar 04 2010 04:09:55 EST from rss

Subject: Dedication of the Tomb of the Unknowns

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Exactly three years after the end of World War I, the Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated at Arlington Cemetery in Virginia during an Armistice Day ceremony presided over by President Warren G. Harding. Two days before, an unknown American soldier, who had fallen somewhere on a World War I ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:28:56 EST from rss

Subject: Nat Turner executed in Virginia

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Nat Turner, the leader of a bloody slave revolt in Southampton County, Virginia, is hanged in Jerusalem, the county seat. Turner, a slave and educated minister, believed that he was chosen by God to lead his people out of slavery. On August 21, 1831, he initiated his slave uprising by slaughtering ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:26:20 EST from rss

Subject: George Patton born

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George Smith Patton, one of the great American generals of World War II, is born in San Gabriel, California. Patton came from a family with a long history of military service. After studying at West Point, he served as a tank officer in World War I, and his experience in that conflict, along with ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:59:02 EST from rss

Subject: Viet Cong release U.S. prisoners of war

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Three U.S. prisoners of war, two of them African American, are released by the Viet Cong in a ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The three men were turned over to Tom Hayden, a “new left” antiwar activist. U.S. officials in Saigon said that the released prisoners had been “brainwashed,” but the ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:56:47 EST from rss

Subject: Operation Commando Hunt commences

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U.S. joint-service Operation Commando Hunt is launched. This operation was designed to interdict Communist routes of infiltration along the Ho Chi Minh Trail, through Laos into South Vietnam. The aerial campaign involved a series of intensive air operations by U.S. Air Force, Navy, and Marine ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:55:33 EST from rss

Subject: Long Binh base turned over to South Vietnam

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The massive Long Binh military base, once the largest U.S. installation outside the continental United States, is handed over to the South Vietnamese. This logistical complex, which had been constructed on the outskirts of Bien Hoa near the outskirts of Saigon, included numerous ammunition depots, ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:37:23 EST from rss

Subject: Fernando Valenzuela wins Cy Young Award

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On November 11, 1981, Rookie of the Year Fernando Valenzuela wins the National League’s Cy Young Award, becoming the first player in baseball history to win both prizes in the same season. In the spring of 1981, at the beginning of his first full season with the Los Angeles Dodgers, Valenzuela was ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:32:07 EST from rss

Subject: James Garfield marries Lucretia Rudolph

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On this day in 1858, future President James Garfield marries fellow Disciple of Christ Church member Lucretia Rudolph. The couple met while Lucretia was a student at Hiram Eclectic Institute in Ohio, where Garfield was teaching classics and where she started a literary society and became an early ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:31:35 EST from rss

Subject: Franklin Pierce marries Jane Appleton

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On this day in 1834, future President Franklin Pierce marries a petite and devout Calvinist named Jane Appleton. Her brother-in-law officiated at the wedding. Jane and Franklin had three sons, all of whom died before adulthood. These tragedies haunted the couple and contributed to Pierce’s ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:17:32 EST from rss

Subject: Massive dust storm sweeps South Dakota

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A powerful wind strips the topsoil from desiccated farmlands in South Dakota, one of a series of disastrous windstorms that year. The drought-ridden land of the Southern Plains became known as the Dust Bowl; it was useless to farmers, and only exacerbated the economic problems of the Great ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:09:48 EST from rss

Subject: Louisa May Alcott publishes her first story

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On this day, the Saturday Evening Gazette publishes “The Rival Painters: A Story of Rome,” by Louisa May Alcott, who will later write the beloved children’s book Little Women (1868). Alcott, the second of four daughters, was born in Pennsylvania but spent most of her life in Concord, Massachusetts. ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:56:53 EST from rss

Subject: Interview with the Vampire debuts

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On this day in 1994, Interview with the Vampire: The Vampire Chronicles, the big-screen adaptation of Anne Rice’s best-selling 1976 novel, opens in theaters around the United States. Directed by Neil Jordan (The Crying Game, The End of the Affair) from a screenplay written by Rice, the film starred ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:44:24 EST from rss

Subject: Skiers die in cable-car fire

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A cable car taking skiers to a glacier in Austria catches fire on this day in 2000 as it passes through a mountain tunnel; 156 people die. Only 11 people managed to survive the fire, which was caused by an illegal space heater. Kitzsteinhorn Mountain in the Austrian Alps is a popular skiing and ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:29:13 EST from rss

Subject: Police make a grisly discovery in Dorothea Puente

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On this day, authorities unearth a corpse buried in the lawn of 59-year-old Dorothea Puente’s home in Sacramento, California. Puente operated a residential home for elderly people, and an investigation led to the discovery of six more bodies buried on her property. Puente was a diagnosed ...

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