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[#] Wed Dec 16 2009 04:48:21 EST from rss

Subject: Sistine Chapel ceiling opens to public

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The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, one of Italian artist Michelangelo’s finest works, is exhibited to the public for the first time. Michelangelo Buonarroti, the greatest of the Italian Renaissance artists, was born in the small village of Caprese in 1475. The son of a government ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:58:15 EST from rss

Subject: Two new programs initiated in South Vietnam

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The U.S. mission in Saigon initiates two operations designed to bolster rural security and development efforts. The Le Loi program was an intensified civic action campaign intended to repair the damage done by the enemy’s offensives earlier in the year and to return control of the rural population ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:55:54 EST from rss

Subject: Military and political situation in South Vietnam deteriorates

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One year after the overthrow and assassination of President Ngo Dinh Diem, the situation in South Vietnam is deteriorating in both the military and political spheres. Following two months of extreme political turmoil, the High National Council confirmed the appointment of Tran Van Huong as South ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:37:48 EST from rss

Subject: Jacques Plante is the first goalie to wear a facemask

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On November 1, 1959, Montreal Canadien Jacques Plante becomes the first NHL goaltender to wear a full facemask. Montreal Maroon Clint Benedict had worn a leather half-mask for a brief time in 1930, after an errant puck smashed his nose and cheekbone—but it blocked his vision, he said, and he took ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:32:13 EST from rss

Subject: John Adams moves into White House

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On this day in 1800, President John Adams, in the last year of his only term as president, moved into the newly constructed President’s House, the original name for what is known today as the White House. Adams had been living in temporary digs at Tunnicliffe’s City Hotel near the half-finished ...

[#] Mon Nov 16 2009 05:17:26 EST from rss

Subject: Legendary western lawman is murdered

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On this day, William Tilghman is murdered by a corrupt prohibition agent who resented Tilghman’s refusal to ignore local bootlegging operations. Tilghman, one of the famous marshals who brought law and order to the Wild West, was 71 years old. Known to both friends and enemies as “Uncle Billy,” ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 12:19:02 EST from rss

Subject: Stephen Crane is born

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On this day, Stephen Crane, author of The Red Badge of Courage, is born. Crane, the youngest of 14 children, was born in 1871 in Newark, New Jersey. His father died when Crane was 9, and the family later settled in Asbury Park, New Jersey. At Syracuse University, Crane played baseball for a year ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:57:28 EST from rss

Subject: Newman stars in Cool Hand Luke

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On this day in 1967, Cool Hand Luke, starring Paul Newman as a tough, anti-authoritarian, poker-playing prisoner, debuts in theaters. Newman received a Best Actor Oscar nomination for his portrayal of the jail-breaking Luke Jackson, whom the American Film Institute in 2003 named one of the top 50 ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:42:51 EST from rss

Subject: Earthquake takes heavy toll on Lisbon

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A devastating earthquake hits Lisbon, Portugal, killing as many as 50,000 people, on this day in 1755. The city was virtually rebuilt from scratch following the widespread destruction. Lisbon was Portugal’s capital and largest city during the prosperous 18th century, when diamonds and gold from the ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:27:36 EST from rss

Subject: An assassination attempt threatens President Harry S. Truman

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On this day, Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate President Harry S. Truman at the Blair House in Washington, D.C. Truman escaped unscathed. In the autumn of 1950, the White House was being renovated and President Truman and his family were living in the nearby Blair House on ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 11:02:56 EST from rss

Subject: United States tests first hydrogen bomb

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The United States detonates the world’s first thermonuclear weapon, the hydrogen bomb, on Eniwetok atoll in the Pacific. The test gave the United States a short-lived advantage in the nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union. Following the successful Soviet detonation of an atomic device in ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:47:11 EST from rss

Subject: McClellan replaces Scott

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On this day in 1861, President Abraham Lincoln names George Brinton McClellan general in chief of the Union army, replacing the aged and infirm Winfield Scott. In just six months, McClellan had gone from commander of the Ohio volunteers to the head of the Union army. McClellan, a Pennsylvania ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:44:40 EST from rss

Subject: Detroit-Windsor Tunnel is dedicated

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On this day in 1930, President Herbert Hoover turns a telegraphic “golden key” in the White House to mark the opening of the 5,160-foot-long Detroit-Windsor Tunnel between the U.S. city of Detroit, Michigan, and the Canadian city of Windsor, Ontario. The tunnel opened to regular traffic on November ...

[#] Fri Nov 13 2009 10:29:50 EST from rss

Subject: Parliament enacts the Stamp Act

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In the face of widespread opposition in the American colonies, Parliament enacts the Stamp Act, a taxation measure designed to raise revenue for British military operations in America. Defense of the American colonies in the French and Indian War (1754-63) and Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763-64) were ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:35:27 EST from rss

Subject: The Battle of Coronel

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In a crushing victory, a German naval squadron commanded by Vice-Admiral Maximilian von Spee sinks two British armored cruisers with all aboard off the southern coast of Chile on November 1, 1914, in the Battle of Coronel. World War I broke out on the European continent in August 1914; within ...

[#] Thu Nov 05 2009 06:28:33 EST from rss

Subject: FDR puts Coast Guard under control of the Navy

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On this day in 1941, President Roosevelt announces that the U.S. Coast Guard will now be under the direction of the U.S. Navy, a transition of authority usually reserved only for wartime. The Coast Guard was established as the Revenue Marine Service by Alexander Hamilton, secretary of the treasury, ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:31:09 EST from rss

Subject: Truman defeats Dewey

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In the greatest upset in presidential election history, Democratic incumbent Harry S. Truman defeats his Republican challenger, Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York, by just over two million popular votes. In the days preceding the vote, political analysts and polls were so behind Dewey that on ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:28:33 EST from rss

Subject: MLK federal holiday declared

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President Ronald Reagan signs a bill in the White House Rose Garden designating a federal holiday honoring Martin Luther King, Jr., to be observed on the third Monday of January. Martin Luther King, Jr., was born in Atlanta in 1929, the son of a Baptist minister. He received a doctorate degree in ...

[#] Tue Feb 09 2010 07:24:59 EST from rss

Subject: Britain supports creation of Jewish homeland

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British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour submits a declaration of intent to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The British government hoped that the formal declaration would help garner Jewish support for the Allied effort in World War I. The Balfour Declaration was included in the ...

[#] Tue Nov 24 2009 13:04:44 EST from rss

Subject: Spruce Goose flies

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The Hughes Flying Boat—the largest aircraft ever built—is piloted by designer Howard Hughes on its first and only flight. Built with laminated birch and spruce, the massive wooden aircraft had a wingspan longer than a football field and was designed to carry more than 700 men to battle. Howard ...

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