Thought for the day.
I have some places in my home where I want to install LED strip lighting, which requires 12 volt transformers. One place is in a bathroom, where I also want to install an in-wall Bluetooth amplifier. So I got to thinking: would it make sense to install a central 12 volt supply in the home and wire it out to the locations where it is needed?
Is this a thing? Cars, boats, and RVs have 12 volt distribution, so why not a house?
Mm. I don't know the answer, but doesn't low voltage have difficulty traveling very far unless the wire is extremely thick? I'd think that resistance would eat up the low voltage.
Again, I'm very knowledgeable about electricity. I only know that in the house I'm building, the power company wants to step down its high voltage near my house, not hundreds of feet away at the street even though that would be a lot less expensive.
Correction: Again, I'm ***NOT*** very knowledgeable about electricity.
POE level 3 (I think that is what it is called or something like that), puts out a maximum of 13 volts. So you could just run cat 6 everwhere, and hook up POE injectors and run it that way. Then if you need to later you can use them as regular network, or what have you.
I spent a lot of my childhood around boats, where there was always a 120 volt system and a 12 volt system. The 12 volt system did use thick wires.
Remember that watts = volts * amps, so for the same amount of power, if the volts are lower the amps are higher. It becomes a question of what's going to cost you more, the loss from a transformer being less than 100% efficient or the thicker cables.
Telecom equipment runs on -48 volts. It's the standard for their stuff.
Their racks are always fitted with a -48 volt power supply (usually a few of them). The "UPS" is just a four-pack of batteries. It actually works really well, which is why equipment that can be used within a telecom facility is often available with your choice of power supplies: 100-240VAC or -48VDC. Some number of years ago there was a big push to move computer equipment to -48VDC so that the power supplies that are in servers etc. don't have to deal with as much loss. This push was killed by the fact that data centers would have to install giant copper conductors everywhere, and that was right around the time the price of copper started climbing again.